True or false? Taking a single supplement for 12 weeks has been demonstrated to reduce incidence of psychosis in high-risk individuals for one year.
In a 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled trial 1200 mg fish oil was given to young adults at high risk of psychosis. The supplement of fish oil was given only for 12 weeks and the young adults were followed for 1 year. Those given the fish oil experienced less psychosis and significant symptomatic and functional improvements during the 1-year follow up period.
The results from this study are astounding, and demonstrate the powerful neurologic impact of omega 3 fatty acids. This study puts into perspective how profoundly our dietary choices impact mental health.
Fish Oil Supplements
Based on this study, should everyone take fish oil? No. But based the evidence demonstrating the positive impact of omega 3 fatty acids on our health, we should ensure that our daily essential fatty acid needs are met.
To meet daily nutrient needs for omega 3 fatty acids, as recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA), you must eat oily fish, such as wild salmon, sardines or herring, twice a week.
Additionally, in 2006 the Omega-3 Fatty Acid Subcommittee of the American Psychiatric Association further recommended that patients with mood disorders, such as depression or anxiety, impulse control disorders, or psychotic disorders consume 1000-1500 mg EPA and DHA daily. Supplementation of EPA and DHA using fish oil or algae derived supplements can be considered when intake of fish is not adequate. Supplementation decisions should be discussed with your personal dietitian or well-informed physician.
Photo Credit: McCormick, click here for Citrus Salmon with Orange Relish recipe
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